Am I a Luddite?

By: Victor Normand

ludditeA recent Time Magazine article by Lisa Eadicicco and Matt Vella exposed the struggles of smart home technologies to capture consumer interest. Devices to control air conditioning, lighting, pantry and refrigerator inventories, home security and the like using internet connectivity seemed like the next big innovation. But it has not happened. Various technical reasons were cited, but mostly the failure to establish a basic rationale for having such technology in the minds of consumers seems to be the problem. It will no doubt come about in the fullness of time, but for now I find myself cheering for the consumers who just said “no thanks.”

So now I began to wonder have I reached the point in my life where new technologies need to be stopped or at least slowed down? Is there a movement out there that I should join as a modern day Luddite? The Luddites belonged to a protest movement opposed to the advancing machine age in England, early in the nineteenth century. General Ludd, as he was known, inspired the movement that saw weaving equipment smashed and factories burned in protest to jobs being lost to technology. Though Ludd himself apparently never existed, his name if not his actual cause carries on.

For some reason, the rejection of smart home technologies made me feel good. Even though I’ve known since the third grade that you cannot stop progress and most often change is good, if not inevitable. My third grade experience came to me in the form of a story told by Miss O’Leary to her class about an elderly aunt who passed up an opportunity to trade in her stocks in a Westfield buggy whip company for stock in a mostly unknown company called “International Business Machines.” Her aunt reasoned it was anyone’s guess who knew what business machines were all about, but surely there would always be a need for buggy whips!

Miss O’Leary’s story may have been apocryphal, but of the 40 buggy whip companies then in Westfield (still known today as “Whip City”) only one exists. This shows of course, that despite the decimation of an industry by technology, it is possible for the old ways to carry on, in a fashion. Nonetheless, the story obviously made an impression on me. And the truth is, the Luddites were not wholly against weaving machines. Their protest was against manufacturers who used machines in a “fraudulent and deceitful manner” to circumvent standard labor practices. They too recognized that technological change was unstoppable.

So, my rant against technology is in fact using technology to make the point. Also, it has been suggested that the ultimate intent of the Luddite movement was to make a machine to destroy other machines.  When you think about it, mashing a weaving machine is a much easier concept than attacking the “cloud,” or is it? Protest is good and technology has its place, prominent as it is, but I for one have no problem maintaining a paper grocery list.

Hominis Ambulantes

By: Victor Normand

Acton Real Estate_092814-4803I walked to the hardware store last week. For me, and I believe I am not alone, this was not an expected mode of transportation; the hardware store is 1.1 miles from the Acton Real Estate office, my point of departure. I need to get more exercise and the idea to take this walk came to me earlier in the week and actually became a bit of a compulsive event. Once I decided to do it, there was no turning back. Of course, I have taken my share of nature walks, but to forgo my car for such a trip as this during a workday was uncharacteristic and the idea could easily have been set aside.

On the appointed day I had prepared for the journey by wearing comfortable shoes and I assessed good weather conditions. I told no one of my trek ahead of time for fear that it would not be fulfilled. Out the front door I went with the simple comment “I need to run an errand.” I had previously determined that there would be sidewalks available to me throughout my mid-day walk. For the entire distance back and forth, I passed only two other pedestrians, though several young bikers did zoom past on occasion. I have to admit to feeling self-conscious. More so on my way to the store when I had the companionship of neither man nor beast, and I was emptied handed. Returning with my purchase, a trivial item of no urgency for the office, I felt comfortable with an answer to the question “What could that walking man, wearing business clothes be up to?” which I imagined every motorized passerby to be asking themselves.

The total elapsed time for both the walk and the shopping was just under one hour; which would have been twenty minutes by car. This effort helped my heart and lowered my carbon footprint, but cost me 40 minutes. To be honest, my work product for the day did not suffer.  Walking around eschewing the automobile is not practical or even possible for most of what we do these days, but it is becoming more popular and, from a real estate perspective, more desirable.

In a way, we seem to have come full circle in the relationship between housing and transportation. Until the middle of the nineteenth century when rail transportation emerged on the scene, (Acton had no less than three lines passing through town) most folks needed to live within walking distance of work and commerce. The automobile changed all that of course and we began to spread out. And indeed we did, building homes further and further away from where we worked and shopped, adding more roads and highways to accommodate the migration until we found ourselves at the practical limits of time and road capacity. So we are coming back to the rails and the “walkable” environment.

We are building houses closer together, though not necessarily any smaller, embracing infill locations and increasingly finding urban and town center locations more desirable. As it gets more and more stressful to drive anywhere (does the Sunday drive exist anymore?) I am happy to be evolving as a walking man.

Unintended Consequences

By: Victor Normand

Alternative_EnergiesRecently the Massachusetts legislature passed and the Governor signed a new energy bill H4568, “An Act to promote energy diversity.” Most of the bill had to do with expanding the Commonwealth’s efforts to encourage alternative energy sources by using offshore wind farms and hydropower to generate electricity.

The bill keeps Massachusetts ahead of most other states in the areas of energy conservation and the use of alternative/clean energy sources. It is innovative in its advocacy of off shore wind power generation, challenging in its intent to double the amount of electric power generated by clean sources, and most importantly, it is proactive in its scope as it anticipates the not-to-distant future when local utilities will no longer have the use of nuclear power plants.

The Great and General court is to be commended for bringing forth such an important piece of legislation, hailed by most conservation and clean energy organizations as a very good bill. But not everyone is pleased with the law, most notably, the Mass Energy Consumer Alliance and many State Senators, including Senate President Stan Rosenberg who favored a more expansive bill.

One of the sections that passed in the Senate and was stricken from the legislation by the conference committee and not included in the final House version of the bill would have required that every home sold in the Commonwealth have an energy rating before it could be listed for sale and an energy audit before closing. This idea, similar in principal to gas mileage ratings on automobiles, has benefit for consumers, but major pitfalls for most homeowners.

Last year nearly 50,000 homes were sold in Massachusetts. Newer homes in many communities did come with a very sophisticated energy rating, called a HERS rating (Home Energy Rating System), but that was only 6% of the market. Even though implementation of the bill could have taken years, the broad scope of the rating requirement would be overwhelming.

Implementing new laws and regulations is nothing new to the real estate industry, lead paint certifications, home inspection notifications and closing disclosures for example. It is the significant unintended consequence such a rating and audit requirement would have on owners of older homes; homes more often concentrated in lower income, urban neighborhoods that would be problematic. Especially since Massachusetts has the second oldest housing stock in the country with a median age of 54 years.

There would be a cost associated with both the energy rating and the energy audit, and a time factor to get them accomplished to be considered. The burden to implement this would fall on the home seller, who would be under no obligation to make energy improvements.  But as a practical matter, home buyers would be looking to sellers to make identified improvements or in the alternative, to discount the sale price. Even home buyers who are in the market for an older home who are prepared to live with the added cost and discomfort of a less energy efficient house would be well advised to take advantage of the situation in preparation for the day when they will find themselves in the home sellers shoes.

The Massachusetts Association of Realtors lobbied to get the energy rating section of the bill removed. Their economic and social arguments were effective this time, but the advocates will be back next year. So, it is not enough to rely on lobbying efforts alone. Those of us in the real estate business need to continue to take energy conservation seriously by making sure potential home sellers include energy saving efforts on the list of important worthwhile home improvements. The unanimous vote of the State Senate in favor of this measure in the just ended legislative session is not insignificant.

Thinking About Real Estate

By: Victor Normand

PhiladelCampaignHessianMapAn article entitled, Obama After Dark: The Precious Hours Alone appeared recently in the New York Times.  It caught my attention because I imagined that the President of the United States probably gets very little quiet time. Turns out President Obama gets his quiet time late every evening, undisturbed in his private study where he stays up late before getting his usual five hours of sleep. It’s comforting to know that Mr. Obama does take time to be alone with his thoughts.

Rahm Emanuel, Mr. Obama’s first chief of staff said in the article “You can’t block out a half-hour and try to do it during the day. It’s too much in-coming.” He talked about how the self-described “night guy” uses late nights to put aside interruptions and focus.

Carving out a large block of time to think wasn’t always that hard to do. Consider how long it used to take to travel anywhere by foot or by horse and there you have your time to think. In the beginning of his book about John Adams, David McCullough describes the journey the delegate to the First Continental Congress took in 1774 from Braintree to Philadelphia on horseback. He traveled with others and made many stops along the way during the three-week trek (it would have taken only eight and a half days straight through). But he still had plenty of time to think; he wrote in his diary “I wander alone, and ponder. I muse, I mope, I ruminate.”

Today, travel is speedy and hardly quiet, technology has seen to that. In fact not only does quiet not exist as a naturally occurring event during any part of our daily lives, but the demands we place on our weary brains during every waking hour is daunting. Even though our brains are not wired to multitask, we attempt it routinely and we expect it of others.

Earl Miller, a neuroscientist at MIT was recently quoted in Neuroscience Magazine on the subject of multitasking saying, “When people think they’re multitasking, they’re actually just switching from one task to another very rapidly. And every time they do, there’s a cognitive cost in doing so.”

So, what’s this talk about quiet time and thinking doing in a real estate blog? It just seems to me that in this DIY, HGTV, FSBO, Big Data world, we have managed to reduce home selling and home buying to a simple task to be mastered by technology alone without much need for quiet time or deep thinking.

Our lives are busy and most of us need to find quiet time first for our families and also, our professions. A house is not a commodity and a real estate transaction does not respond to a bar code. The principals in the deal will always have to make the big decisions, but much of the heavy lifting that must be done thoughtfully and efficiently when buying or selling a home, should be the quiet work of a Resident Expert(sm).

Yes in My Back Yard

By: Victor Normand

One sure way to lower the cost of housing for first time buyers and increase the supply of smaller homes for those who want smaller homes, including downsizers, is to suspend all zoning bylaws, along with building codes, energy codes, historic preservation restrictions and the like. That’s never going to happen, nor should it, but it’s easy to imagine what would happen if all you needed to do was start building on whatever piece of land was handy. Look around, there seems to be lots of places to build and without needing to get permits of any kind, we could start solving our housing shortages right away.

A movement in that direction exists. As reported recently by the PBS Newshour, an organization in the San Francisco Bay area that calls itself “Yes in MY Back Yard” (YIMBY) is advocating for government action to increase the supply of housing. The YIMBY folks are critical of both the political left and right for their respective positions on housing policy. Affordable housing advocates use the lengthy public approval process to slow and often kill new urban housing developments in their battle against gentrification. And property rights advocates on the political right, rely on restrictive zoning to keep out any housing development in suburban areas.

The YIMBY folks have taken the position that everyone should support the development of more housing at all levels, including luxury housing. And from an economic perspective, they would be correct. Increasing the supply of housing beyond demand will cause prices to fall. If the supply of larger more expensive homes exceeds demand, prices will fall enabling more buyers or renters from lower price points into that market, and so on, eventually effecting all buyers or renters.

But that is not the main focus of the movement. Their first point is that over-regulation has an effect on housing development at all levels; it adds cost and increases approval times which also is a cost. A careful review of all building and health and safety codes with a view toward eliminating antiquated sections or codes that have minimal benefit to society, will help to speed up the development process. Building codes address a broad spectrum of issues affecting safety and comfort, but they do not focus on creating an efficient system for housing development.

And there are often conflicting social goals that effect housing supply. Take the Community Preservation Act, which allows communities in Massachusetts to dedicate tax revenue to purchase land for conservation and also allows funding for affordable housing. The micro economic effect of these two undertakings is clearly beneficial to the community, but from a macro-economic perspective, every acre of land that is placed in conservation increases the price of every acre of land not in conservation. As the old saw goes, God is not making any more land.

The second area of concern is zoning. Unlike building codes which come under the jurisdiction of states, including Massachusetts, zoning is a local matter. Super local zoning, as it is referred to in the Newshour story, makes it hard to adapt to changing conditions. The link between where you live and where you work was weakened or in some cases, broken a long time ago. The imperative for one town to change zoning to allow for smaller homes and denser neighborhoods vanishes when the attitude is “not in my backyard”. Linking local aid to cities and towns based on regional economic growth and the demand for more housing might be an answer.

As the economy grows and populations increase, a smart look at all aspects of housing development needs to happen. At some point in all our lives we are all affected by the lack of choice in the available housing stock. Yes in My Back Yard should be a starting point for all of us as we work to solve our housing issues.

The Original Tiny House

By: Victor Normand

Thoreau's cabinEarlier this month, Sarah Hastings was unable to get town meeting in Hadley to approve a zoning bylaw amendment which would have made her Tiny House legal, so she and her 190 square foot house will be moving on, literally. The first Tiny House builder constructed his house on land owned by Ralph Waldo Emerson at Walden Pond without any complaints from the Town of Concord.  But it wasn’t long after Thoreau built his house in 1845 that the first zoning regulations in the nation were adopted in 1916 in New York City.

The new regulations were seen as a violation of the 14th amendment to the Constitution by some who felt zoning regulations unlawfully restricted property rights of individuals. Lower courts agreed but in 1926, the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of zoning regulations. Today, the bylaw most commonly affecting Tiny Houses, including the Tiny House in Hadley prohibits more than one residence on a building lot, even though tiny usually means less than 400 square feet of living area and most of these houses are built on wheeled trailer beds.

Sarah, like most Tiny House proponents, seems undaunted. The “light touch on the earth” Sarah believes in, extends to her heart as well. Although 214 voters at town meeting voted against the amendment, 102 supported her and she believes her efforts have advanced the conversation on the subject of living small. And that, after all, is what Tiny Houses represent.

Sarah, who recently graduated from Mount Holyoke College with a double major in Architectural and Environmental Studies, built her house about a year ago and lived there until May 7th when the town made her vacate and cut power to the house. Thoreau only lived in his tiny house for two years, two months, and two days, never intending for it to be a long stay, though he was at the height of his creativity while he lived there. Similar to today’s Tiny House builders, Thoreau wanted his house to be both a philosophical and practical expression of his life.

He wanted the design to be a unique expression of his personality and probably would have objected to the availability of plans that may be purchased today for replica enthusiasts. He used recycled building materials and kept meticulous records of every penny spent on the project, for a total of $28.13; less than $3,000 in today’s money.

Walden, first published as Walden; or, Life in the Woods, compresses his time in the tiny house to the four seasons of one year and is about his experiment in simple living, clearly the same theme captured by Sarah and her contemporaries. The five main attractions to life in Tiny House Nation include:

  • Aesthetics, both Sarah and Thoreau were concerned about having a design that expressed their individual sense of beauty;
  • Philosophy, living small in a space that denies materialism;
  • Environmental Impact, even as an existentialist, Thoreau probably never contemplated his carbon footprint, but he would have gotten it;
  • Efficiency, the reconstructed images of the Walden Pond cabin and the online video of Sarah’s house read efficiency;
  • Financial, Thoreau cleared the land and eventually gave the cabin to Emerson in exchange for building rights, grew crops in surplus and otherwise lived cheaply; Sarah’s finances are not public, but her millennial cohorts are having difficulty affording housing and besides, they would rather spend their money on travel then housing.

So, where is the Tiny House movement going? Not to Hadley, nor most any other community in most any other state. But there is no question the Tiny House is becoming one of the iconic images of our times and as Sarah says, the conversation carries on.

Feng Shui My House

By: Victor Normand

FlowersFeng Shui (pronounced Fung Shway) literally means wind-water. It’s origin in China goes back thousands of years and it is the study of how environments and objects affect people, wind and water being two of nature’s most sustaining forces. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Chinese culture and Chinese goods were much admired in the West and minds were open to Feng Shui, though Feng Shui Masters needed to mold the tenets to fit the evidence based mindset of the American public. And today, practices like acupuncture and alternative medicine using Chinese herbs are becoming more widely accepted, so how can the real estate profession ignore the purported benefits of Feng Shui?

There can be no denying that we all strive for peace and tranquility in our lives in general and more particularly in where we live and work. Concepts like good light, balance and being uncluttered, resonate and appeal to people. We have all experienced joy when entering certain homes, even if we cannot articulate exactly why we feel good in those places. All of our senses are calibrated to like or dislike every presented stimuli in varying degree, whether it is a pleasant smell, a loud noise, a soft touch, bitter cold or a sunrise over a meadow; we feel a certain, predictable way and we share those emotions with all of humanity.

Feng Shui Masters will tell you that all objects have energy, called chi and this chi can be directed to improve luck and opportunity. The concepts like arranging homes and rooms to take advantage of good light, clearing clutter, furniture placement, using big plants and water features to enhance the environment and make spaces more pleasant even if you are not conscious of how these objects alter the flow of energy. Call it chi if you must, whatever is happening, is happening for the good.

Feng Shui practitioners may not even know they are Feng Shui Practitioners. They may be home stagers or kitchen designers who use their intuitive skills and by their designs, they are causing energy in objects to bring wealth and other forms of good luck. Sometime there are conflicts with this ancient practice. Water features have good Chi while toilet areas do not which was not a problem for centuries when toilets were not inside houses.  Today’s advice: always keep the lid down on your toilet.

Birth dates are important to your personal Feng Shui. Your birthday determines your Kua (pronounced kwah) number which leads to your auspicious direction. Placing yourself in this direction is recommended for sleeping, eating, and working among some of the more mentionable things we do every day. My auspicious number is 6. One Feng Shui advisor recommends that I create a wealth bowl out of porcelain and add gold-colored objects, semi-precious stones, and dirt from a wealthy person’s home, and faux diamonds to boost my success. I think I will stick with de-cluttering.

Even if you have trouble dealing with auspicious directions, you can benefit by Feng Shui. Why not hear what the Masters have to say about our houses and the places in them.  The interpretations of the best intuitions may be obtuse, but the results could be profound. By the way, The Resident Expertssm know something about Wind and Water, check out some tips from them.


“If your front door leads straight to the back of the house to a window or door, hang a round crystal in the hallway to disperse the good energy round the house – otherwise it marches straight out the back!” ~Frances Anderton

“If you hang a mirror in a foyer directly in front of the front door, all the good luck coming into the house will reflect right back out. So not a good decorating idea…​” ~Leslie Hogan


The Spring Market in the Digital Age

By: Victor Normand
Published: March 2016

Acton Real Estate now wears the “Crown of Excellence” for its overall relocation and referral accomplishments. Again this year, the Leading Real Estate Companies of the World ® ranked our company in five different measurable categories of performance at the annual conference held in Miami. Based on our accomplishments in 2015, Acton Real Estate bested 140 other independent real estate companies from across the country to take top honors in our class.

So what does relocation have to do with the spring market? Well, everyone likes the idea of buying a home in the spring and moving in during the summer, but it doesn’t always work out that way. People change jobs, retire, blend families and generally have many reasons to buy a home throughout the year, not just between April and June.

If you have planned ahead and followed the drill to prepare the house for sale this spring, you won’t be disappointed. Inventories are still below average, interest rates remain at historic lows and the economy continues to improve. Every indication points to a very strong real estate market this season. Use this checklist to see if you are actually ready:

  • Hire a real estate professional
  • Know the general condition of the market
  • Declutter/depersonalize
  • Consider a home inspection
  • Fix-up/remodel
  • Set a price

But don’t despair, all is not lost, people are buying homes all during the year, even more so in this digital, virtual age.

Taking buyer and seller behavior into consideration is a good thing, and an experienced Realtor can give you up-to-the-minute information on what those current mindsets are. If timing is everything to you, you might want to get Di Vincenzo’s best seller, Buy Ketchup in May and Fly at Noon: A Guide to the Best Time to Buy This, Do That and Go There. Besides the benefits of listing during the spring market, some interesting factoids include:

The best month to make an offer on a house is January
The best day of the week to list a house is Thursday
The best day of the week to make an offer is Tuesday
The best time to tweet about the listing is 4:00PM

Trying to time a listing can be a challenge, but you don’t have to think you have made a big mistake if your timing is off. We know that buyers are looking at properties 24/7 all during the year. Just because they are not circling the block doesn’t mean they are not shopping. The combination of good weather and the start of school in September have created the traditional spring real estate market, but everything else about how, when, and where we shop for everything has radically changed.

When the time is right for you to list your property, bring in a professional for a consultation. The Resident Expertssm know all about timing and everything else involved in the home selling process.

Chaos Theory and Real Estate

By: Victor Normand
Published: February 2016

The National Association of Realtors (NAR) was established exactly 100 years ago in Chicago for the purpose of making the real estate industry into a highly regarded profession. Despite its influence on national housing policy as the largest trade association in the country, its true mission remains to elevate and sustain, high ethical and professional standards in its membership.

Consumers have a right to assume that their real estate agent has integrity, knowledge and experience, as well as the motivation to bring those qualities into every aspect of every deal. But is it also reasonable to expect the real estate agent to make sense of the chaos that often prevails in the marketplace? The answer is that a good real estate agent recognizes chaos for what it is and is positioned to guide clients through the disorder.

Sometimes real estate chaos has a limited effect on market behavior, like very low housing inventory level; and sometimes the impact is profound, like the bursting of the sub-prime lending bubble. Real estate is a dynamic segment of the larger fluid economy. As much as we would like to think that there are hard and fast rules governing the buying and selling of real estate, experience tells us otherwise.

Mathematicians were the first to realize that chaotic events are not random events. Chaos theory emerged in the 1970’s, as a way to predict behaviors. We have all come to know this theory by what is referred to as the butterfly effect, where the air currents generated from the wings of a butterfly as the initial event, can result in a hurricane pounding a distant shore. The hurricane is no random event, in this sense, chaotic events are predicable, but just because an initial event is known, meaningful predictions cannot always be made.

So, when a consumer is trying to figure out their next real estate move; trying to understand the “chaotic” market which is subject to the flapping of butterfly wings both far off and around the corner, it’s no wonder that confusion or misjudgment can rule the day. Thoughtful real estate agents cannot with absolute certainty predict the future, but they realize that chaotic systems have some kind of order.

A good real estate agent understands the complex cycles of the housing market, and also understands that specific situations are rarely repeated exactly. And an accomplished real estate agent knows that clients have chaos in their lives as well. Families get larger before they get smaller, financial circumstances change, and life events are unstoppable, and these things are not random either. Having these insights is what makes a real estate agent a professional.

Chaos theory is complicated, but has been useful in real life applications. It has been used to solve previously unsolvable problems in quantum mechanics and cosmology. It has revolutionized the understanding of heart arrhythmias and brain function. Computer simulation games would not exist without it.

Understanding Chaos theory is not required as part of real estate licensure, nor are continuing education courses ever offered on the subject. But true real estate professionals, like every Resident Expertsm, use its principles every day to understand the market and as importantly, to understand their clients.

Real Estate and the Sharing Economy

By: Victor Normand
Published: January 2016

Since the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, all businesses and industries have been under siege by technology. In England, the Luddites attempted to stop progress by trying to get Parliament to outlaw the use of spinners and power looms in the making of cloth. That did not work and so we have all come to accept that there will always be better ways of doing things, though the pace of innovation seems lately to have us all spinning.

The term “sharing economy” understates the revolution in both technology and social norms that has affected almost the entire economy. We can trace this movement, of course, to the internet which only exists because of programs that allow all our computers to share information, communicating openly and in a common digital language. We have swiftly moved from sharing content on line to sharing our lives on Facebook and now in ever increasing ways, sharing our things, not the least of which are cars and houses.

Real estate has been affected by both the sharing of information and the sharing of physical places. The success of Airbnb has made huge inroads into the traditional lodging business by making it easy and safe for people not in the lodging business to get into the business. With sites in over 8,000 cities worldwide, Airbnb participants are offering everything from igloos to medieval castles. Although widely accepted by consumers, Airbnb lodgings have caused disruptions in some communities, particularly in tourist locations where the income from the rentals has had the effect of causing property values to rise.

The popularity of co-working spaces is another example of the acceptance that having access to space is more important than ownership. At Acton Real Estate, we have a regular periodic need for a large conference room, though not every day. So instead we share that space with other businesses in our building.

Information sharing is another opportunity often used to upend traditional business models. Real estate brokerages have long been in the sights of technology innovators who have made numerous attempts to lower costs, reduce waste and create value by offering consumers an alternative approach to the sale and purchase of real estate through expanded technologies.

Real estate consumers seem to have an endless appetite for information. With this in mind, the innovators set about gathering and organizing information and sharing it as it had never been shared before. They rightly assessed that by and large, real estate agents, not unlike others in sales, regarded information as power. In the old days, consumers were required to subject themselves to identification by logging in to websites, and as well, real estate listings were often short on details. All this was intended to make consumers seek out and deal with those “knowledgeable” real estate agents.

What these innovators failed to realize was that we live in a dynamic economic environment. Most real estate brokerages did realize that this old school model was not going to survive in a sharing economy. And they opened up and did not fight technology as Luddites might have recommended, but rather embraced the free flow of information. An added benefit of this transparency has been a higher level of trust between the real estate professional and the client.

Not every service or commodity is suitable for the sharing economy. A software engineer named Punsri Abeywickrema, who worked for LinkedIn and built platforms for the rental of everything, concluded that the most suitable category for the sharing of things should cost more than $100, but less than $500. This may also help to explain why more consumers use a Resident Expertsm now than they did ten years ago…….